Date and Events General Knowledge January 2
General Knowledge – Learn the Importance of January 2
On this day….in 1757 Robert Clive recaptured Calcutta in what is now commonly believed to be revenge for the Black Hole of Calcutta incident the preceding year on 20 June 1756.
Born on this day were: General James Wolfe( 1727-1759), British soldier who was the hero of the Battle of Quebec; Johann Daniel Titius (1729-1796), Prussian astronomer and physicist, famous for his law expressing the distances between the planets and the Sun (which was continued by Johann Elert Bode); Rudolf Clausius (1822-88), German physicist credited with creating the science of thermodynamics; Henry Morrison Flagler (1830-1913), American financier and partner of John Davison Rockefeller Sr. in establishing the Standard Oil Company who also pioneered in the development of Florida as a U.S. vacation center; Arthur William Charles ‘Wentworth’ Gore (1868-1928), English tennis player who appeared at every Wimbledon from 1888 to 1927 apart from being the oldest men’s singles champion (in 1909); Louis Charles Bréguet (1880-1955), French airplane builder, who in 1919 founded the Compagnie des Messageries Aeriennes, which ultimately became Air France; Sir Michael Tippett (1905-98), one of the leading English composers of the 20th century; Isaac Asimov (1920-1992), American author and scientist, who was a prolific writer of science fiction; Roger Miller (1936-), American singer whose hits include the famous ‘King of the Road’; Kirtivardhan Bhagwat Jha Azad, former Indian cricketer turned politician; and Cuba Gooding Jr (1968), American actor.
In 1839 Frenchman Louis Daguerre took the first photograph of the moon. In 1928 Pan American Airlines became the first airline to introduce male stewards; and in 1959 the Russian artificial satellite Luna I, the first rocket to pass close to the moon, was launched from Tyuratam.
In 1954 the Bharat Ratna was established as India’s highest civilian award. The first recipients were Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman.
In 1975 the Indian Railway Minister Lalit Narayan Mishra became the first Indian cabinet minister to be assassinated in a bomb explosion at Samastipur.
In 2004 Indian President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam gave his assent to the Constitution (97th Amendment) Bill.