Date and Events General Knowledge January 4
General Knowledge – Importance of January 4
In 1933 this day was celebrated all over India as Civil Disobedience Day. The Civil Disobedience movement ended in May 1934 when the Congress decided that it would work within the framework of the forthcoming Government of India Act, 1935.
Born on this day were: Jacob Grimm (1785-1863), the German philologist who is best known for his Fairy Tales written with his brother Wilhelm;
Louis Braille (1809-1852), French educator who developed a system of reading and writing that is extensively used by the blind and that was named for him (and who was himself blind from the age of 3); Sir Isaac Pitman (1813-1847), who invented the system of shorthand named after him;
Charles Stratton (1838-1883), famous as General Tom Thumb, midget showman who was the first major attraction promoted by the American circus impresario P.T. Barnum; Cyril Lionel Robert James (1901-1989), West Indian cultural historian, cricket writer, and political activist; Jane Wyman (1914-), American actress; Floyd Patterson (1935-), American boxer who in 1956 became the youngest heavyweight champion and the first ever to regain the title (in 1960); and Nirupa Roy (1931- ), Indian film actress.
Two Nobel Laureates in Literature died today: In 1960 the French writer Albert Camus was killed in a car crash; and five years later in 1965 Thomas Steams The Wasteland’ Eliot died in London at the age of 76.
In 1884 Keshab Chandra Sen Hindu philosopher and social reformer died aged 45; and in 1931 Khilafat leader Maulana Mohammed Ali who had gone to London to attend the first Round Table Conference died aged 52. In 1994 Indian music director Rahul Dev Burman passed away.
In 1936 the first pop music chart based on record sales was published in New York in The Billboard magazine.
In 1948 Burma became an independent Republic outside the Commonwealth.
In 1958, the Russian Sputnik I (meaning “companion” or “fellow traveller”) satellite, the first man-made object to orbit the earth, fell back into the atmosphere and disintegrated after 92 days in space.
In 2001 India’s Light Combat Aircraft made its maiden test flight in Bangalore. With this India joined the exclusive club of nations, which design and fly their own supersonic aircraft.
In 2005 Indian Government approved National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), a comprehensive rural health care program, to provide integrated health care services to the rural people.