Date and Events General Knowledge January 1
General Knowledge – Importance of January 1
This day was first recognized as New Year’s Day with the adoption of the Gregorian calendar in France, Portugal, Italy and Spain in 1582. It was adopted in Great Britain only in 1752.
Born on this day were: Joseph-Francois Dupleix (1697-1765), colonial administrator and governor-general of the French territories in India who never realized his dream of establishing a French empire in India; Count Baron Pierre de Coubertin (1863-1937), French sportsman who was instrumental in reviving the modern Olympic Games; the English novelist Edward Morgan Forster (1879-1970) who wrote A Passage to India which was filmed by Sir David Lean and starred Victor Bannerjee as Doctor Aziz; Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974), mathematician and physicist noted for his collaboration with Albert Einstein in developing a theory regarding the gas-like qualities of electromagnetic radiation (Elementary particles that obey “Bose Statistics” are named Bosons in his honor; and John Edgar Hoover (1895-1972), director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation from 1924 till his death.
In 1660 the British naval administrator and diarist Samuel Pepys started writing his famous diary in Shelton’s system of shorthand (He continued writing it till 31 May 1669); and in 1801 Giuseppe Piazzi discovered the first asteroid Ceres.
In 1862 the Indian Penal Code came into force. In 1877 Queen Victoria was declared the Empress of India; and in 1923 Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru formed the Swaraj Party.
In 1898 Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island were consolidated into New York City.
GK World History – Importance of January 1
In 1944 Sir Edwin Lutyens, (1869-1944) the English architect known especially for his planning of New Delhi and his design of Rashtrapati Bhavan (originally known as the Viceroy’s House) died aged 74; and in 1955 the famous Indian Scientist and Chairman of the University Grants Commission, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (1894-1955), passed away, at age 61.
In 1955 Fiji Toyoda drove Toyota’s first full-scale production model, the Crown off the assembly line. A success in Japan, it was a failure in the United States.
In 1959 Fidel Castro seized power in Cuba, overthrowing the right-wing government of Fulgencio Batista.
In 1973 Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw became India’s first Field Marshal; and in 1978 an Air India 747, Emperor Ashoka crashed into the sea off Bombay killing 213 passengers.
In 1999 eleven European countries launched a single currency the Euro.
In 2000, Greenwich Electronic Time – known as GMT – was initiated in Britain to act as an international standard for all electronic commerce. The move will provide a single time standard for worldwide Internet traders and users around the world in the same way that Greenwich Mean Time has helped travellers to keep time since 1884.
In 2001 the city of Calcutta was renamed Kolkata.
In 2005 Luxembourg takes over the presidency of the Council of the European Union.