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Mountains Quiz Questions and Answers

Mountains Quiz Questions and Answers


General Quiz Questions about Mountains


Mountains Online Quiz Questions


1. A landform that stands much higher than its surroundings:
Answer: Mountain.


2. Mountains occur in:
Answer: Ocean as well as on land.


3. Which is the world’s longest mountain system?
Answer: The Mid-Atlantic Ridge.


4. How long the Mid-Atlantic Ridge stretches:
Answer: 16,000 km.


5. Mid-Atlantic Ridge stretches from:
Answer: North Atlantic Ocean to Antarctica.


6. How is the height of a mountain usually expressed?
Answer: The distance that its peak rises above the sea level.


7. Name a volcano on the island of Hawaii?
Answer: Mauna Kea.


8. Which volcano has the world’s largest rise from base to peak?
Answer: Mauna Kea.


9. Mountain ranges are important. Why?
Answer: They determine the climate and water flow of the surrounding regions.


10. What is called the side of the mountain away from the wind?
Answer: Leeward side.


11. The dry area on the leeward side of a mountain range is called a:
Answer: Rain shadow.


12. Many rivers have their headwaters in:
Answer: Mountain regions.


13. The world’s highest mountain:
Answer: Mount Everest.


14. Mountainous areas make good locations for hydroelectric plants. Why?
Answer: Their steep slopes and abundant water flow.


15. Climber’s equipment collected data from satellites of the:
Answer: Global Positioning System.


Mountains Quiz Questions and Answers Part 2


16. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is almost totally:
Answer: Underwater.


17. Which theory explains the formation of mountains and other geological features?
Answer: Plate tectonics.


18. According to which theory, the earth’s outer shell is made up of about 30 rigid plates of various sizes?
Answer: Plate tectonics.


19. Name the three major types of rocks:
Answer: Igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks.


20. Volcanic mountains chiefly consist of:
Answer: Igneous rocks.


21. Much volcanic mountain building takes place in areas called:
Answer: Subduction zones.


22. If the Subduction zone lies under an ocean, the volcanic activity there may form a chain of islands called what?
Answer: Island arc.


23. Examples of island arc:
Answer: The Aleutian Islands of Alaska and the Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean.


24. Examples of Fold mountains:
Answer: Appalachian Mountains and the Alps.


25. Fold mountains consist mainly of which rock?
Answer: Sedimentary rock.


26. Which mountain forms, when molten rock from deep within the earth erupts and piles up on the surface?
Answer: Volcanic mountains.


27. Which mountain forms when two plates meet head-on and their edges crumble?
Answer: Fold Mountains.


28. Which mountain consists of huge blocks of the earth’s crust that have been tilted or pushed up along a fracture line called a fault?
Answer: Fault-block Mountains.


29. Write some examples of fault-block mountains?
Answer: The Teton Range in Wyoming, the Wasatch Range in Utah, the Sierra Nevada in California.


30. In fault-block Mountains, what results in rapid erosion of the exposed rock?
Answer: The steep slope of the uplifted blocks.


Read: General Knowledge Trivia Quiz Questions

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