Biology Anatomy and Physiology Quiz Questions with Answers – Science Quiz


Biology Anatomy and Physiology Quiz Questions with Answers – Science Quiz


Biology Anatomy and Physiology Quiz Questions with Answers - Science Quiz


1. What type of endoplasmic reticulum manufactures steroids and lipids?
a) Smooth
b) Columnar
c) Ciliated
d) Rough


2. What part of the cell contains enzymes which destroy bacteria and wastes?
a) Chromatin
b) Mitochondria
c) Lysosomes
d) Vacuoles


3. Which one of the following is a function of a cell?
a) Growth
b) Maintain posture
c) Secretion
d) Absorption


4. A group of tissues join to form;
a) Cell
b) Organ
c) System
d) Nucleus


5. Squamous epithelium;
a) Are cube shaped cells
b) Are tall, cylindrical shaped cells
c) Are flat, thin cells
d) Are columnar shaped cells


6. How is glucose transferred through the cell membrane?
a) Osmosis
b) Filtration
c) Dissolution
d) Active transport


7. Which one of the following is a type of connective tissue?
a) Nervous
b) Muscular
c) Chromosomes
d) Lymphoid


8. What is the final stage of mitosis?
a) Telophase
b) Anaphase
c) Prophase
d) Metaphase


9. Define Anabolism;
a) The process by which complex substances are broken down into simpler substances
b) The process by which larger substances which cannot pass through the cell membrane are dissolved
c) The process by which simpler molecules are built up into complex molecules
d) The process by which water moves through the cell membrane from an area of high to low concentration until the concentration is equal on both sides


10. What supplies the cell with its energy?
a) Vacuoles
b) Endoplasmic reticulum
c) Mitochondria
d) Golgi apparatus


11. What is the control centre of the cell?
a) Cytoplasm
b) Nucleus
c) Mitochondria
d) Ribosomes


12. Which type of compound epithelium is found lining the alveoli of the lungs?
a) Columnar
b) Cuboidal
c) Ciliated
d) Squamous


13. During which phase of mitosis are chromosomes formed?
a) Metaphase
b) Anaphase
c) Prophase
d) Telophase


14. What is responsible for the formation of ribosomes?
a) Nucleolus
b) Lysosomes
c) Nucleus
d) Chromatin


15. Where is all genetic information needed to make a person, stored?
a) ATP
b) DNA
c) RNA
d) EAC


16. What is the correct order of mitosis?
a) Metaphase, anaphase, telophase, prophase
b) Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
c) Anaphase, prophase, metaphase, telophase
d) Prophase, metaphase, telophase, anaphase


17. A protein found in skin, hair and nails;
a) Yellow elastic
b) Hyaline
c) Squamous
d) Keratin


18. Where can yellow elastic cartilage be found in the body?
a) Hip and shoulder sockets
b) Nose and trachea
c) Pinna and epiglottis
d) Heart and kidney tubules


19. What is the most general type of connective tissue found in the body?
a) Areolar
b) Lymphoid
c) Adipose
d) Yellow elastic


20. Simple epithelium consists of;
a) A single layer of cells
b) Several layers of cells
c) 2 layers of flattened cells
d) 2 layers of cuboidal cells


Anatomy and Physiology Multiple Choice Biology Science Quiz


21. Which one of the following is not a way in which substances can pass in and out of cells?
a) Osmosis
b) Dissolution
c) Filtration
d) Mitosis


22. Where would you find centrioles?
a) Within centrosomes
b) Within smooth endoplasmic reticulum
c) Within mitochondria
d) Within the chromosomes


23. A jelly like substance composed mainly of water;
a) Cell membrane
b) Cytoplasm
c) Mitochondria
d) Epithelium


24. What is the most common type of cartilage?
a) Yellow elastic
b) White
c) Hyaline
d) Fibrocartilage


25. What does the golgi apparatus store?
a) Cytoplasm
b) Tissue
c) Protein
d) DNA


26. What is the function of ribosomes?
a) To control the growth of the cell
b) To manufacture protein
c) To destroy bacteria
d) To supply the cell with energy


27. What part of the cell produces energy?
a) Lysosomes
b) Mitochondria
c) Endoplasmic reticulum
d) Nucleus


28. Centrioles separate and move toward the end of the cell during what stage of mitosis?
a) Prophase
b) Telophase
c) Anaphase
d) Metaphase


29. Which connective tissue connects skin to underlying skin and muscles?
a) Lymphoid
b) Bone
c) White fibrous
d) Areolar


30. What are the empty spaces within the cytoplasm called?
a) Lysosomes
b) Centrioles
c) Vacuoles
d) Nucleolus


31. What is the largest organelle in a cell?
a) Cytoplasm
b) Nucleolus
c) Mitochondria
d) Nucleus


32. What types of cells are found in lymphoid tissue?
a) Lymphocytes
b) Fibrocytes
c) Mast cells
d) Red blood cells


33. What type of cartilage is flexible?
a) Yellow elastic
b) Hyaline
c) Fibrocartilage
d) Synovial


34. What protects the cell’s contents?
a) Nucleus
b) Cell membrane
c) Chromatin
d) Cytoplasm


35. A fluid connective tissue;
a) Areolar
b) Adipose
c) Bone
d) Blood


36. The process by which small molecules pass through the cell membrane from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration is known as;
a) Active transport
b) Filtration
c) Diffusion
d) Osmosis


37. Where can non keratinised stratified epithelium be found?
a) Hair
b) Bladder
c) Lining of the mouth
d) Nails


38. How many chromosomes are in a cell before fertilisation?
a) 23
b) 46
c) 18
d) 22


39. Where can transitional epithelium be found?
a) Heart
b) Bladder
c) Pharynx
d) Thyroid gland


40. Which one of the following is a function of connective tissue?
a) Movement
b) Secretion
c) Lubrication
d) Protection




1. (a), 2 (c), 3 (a), 4 (b), 5 (c), 6 (d), 7 (d), 8 (a), 9 (c), 10 (c)
11 (b), 12 (d), 13 (c), 14 (a), 15 (b), 16 (b), 17 (d), 18 (c), 19 (a), 20 (a)
21 (d), 22 (a), 23 (b), 24 (c), 25 (c), 26 (b), 27 (b), 28 (a), 29 (d), 30 (c)
31 (d), 32 (a), 33 (a), 34 (b), 35 (d), 36 (c), 37 (c), 38 (a), 39 (b), 40 (d)


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